A strategy to reduce stress and burnout among hospital nurses / Estratégia para redução do stress e Burnout entre enfermeiros hospitalares




Stress and burnout was recognized at an occupational risk by cause many health and mental problems besides to raise the absenteeism, turnover, and intent to leave among nurse staff around in the world. Burnout is a psychological syndrome with three component conceptualization: emotional exhaustion, depersonalize and diminished personal accomplishment. The burnout reduces the job performances due to job dissatisfaction and forecast of future nurse shortage; in Brazil the problem is the same. The purpose of this study is present the results of a stress management intervention and analyze this impact in a hospital nurse staff. Objectives: To describe a stress intervention using inoculation stress program to reduce the stress and burnout among nurse staff in two hospitals in Brazil and analyze their results. Design: This exploratory descriptive, of quantitative boarding study was developed in two hospitals in São Paulo, Brazil during 2007-2008. A hundred and ten nurses (n=111) participated of the collect data but only 32 nurses concluded the intervention. The data were collected by MIB (Maslach Inventory Burnout), a perceived stress questionnaire (before and pos intervention) and assessment instruments (after intervention) design by the author. At the end of the course an instrument to justified not participation was applied to nurses. The intervention was applied to all groups (four) during job time for six weeks with two hours weekly and the effect size was estimated by Reliable Change Index (RCI). Results: The majority nurses was a low / moderate burnout at the pre and post test; was a positive correlation between perceived stress, depression, anger, smoke compulsion and interesting to participated of the course and diminished personal accomplishment (odds-ratio 2,463). The association between diminished personal accomplishment and sex was positive for male (odd-ratio 5,051). The RCI was positive to 9,4%, for emotional exhaustion, 21,9% for depersonalization and 15,6% for diminished personal accomplishment. Conclusion: The low and moderate degree of burnout found confirm the results of others studies, however the results of RCI and the nurses opinion about the intervention had demonstrated the importance to conduce researches to investigated the reasons why some nurses are burned out while others working at the same environments are not. The educational intervention demonstrated is useful to alert the nurses about the syndrome and offer some strategies to cope with job stressors


burnout inoculação de stress occupational stress esgotamento profissional stress management enfermagem nurses burnout educational intervention stress ocupacional adaptação psicológica estresse enfermeiro intervenção

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