Uma metodologia para avaliação do parafuso pilar em implantes dentários usando fotoelasticidade automatizada / A Metodology for Evaluation of a Pilar Screw of a Dental Implant Using The Automatizated Plane Photoelasticity Technique




The pillar screw is an important element of conventional dental implants. It is used to fix the pillar or intermediary to the implant set. In conventional dental implants, the torque level applied is near of 20 Ncm, however it knows that the pillar screw resists to bigger torque levels, and that a high pre-load could improve its setting. Many problems related to the breakings and reliefs of the screw are related in literature. The improvement of osseointegration conditions and the dental implantations project could provide to the application of high torque to the pillar screws, minimizing the relief problems. For this, the knowledge of the physical behavior of these elements about their stress and strain fields is important, when a certain torque level and pre-load level is applied. In this work, the stress gradient in the pillar screw was evaluated with an applied pre-load level. The technique of the bidimentional photoelasticity in a photoelastic model of a conventional dental implant of the Conexão Sistemas de Prótese Ltda company was used. For the attainment of the photoelastics parameters, a Matlab program was developed to acquire and to process the fringe images. A photoelastic prismatic bar submitted to a four points bending effort was used, installed in a transmission polariscope, adjusted for elliptical polarized light. The principal stresseses directions had been obtained through a non linear equation solution. To improve the precision of the principal stresseses directions values a disc under axial compression was used to calibrate values RGB of the acquired images. For the torque standard of 20 Ncm, the pre-load was of 111 N. It is possible estimate that torque values in the order of 40 to 50 Ncm could be applied in the pillar screw, if the osseointegration level allied to the project of the dental implant to support such torque levels. A bigger number of experiments must be carried through so that if it can conclude on the maximum values of torque of the daily pay-load. The program Fringes" revealed efficient in the determination of the models optics parameters until 4 fringe order.


deformação parâmetros fotoelásticos fotoelasticidade stress screw pillar fotoelasticidade de transmissão plana parafuso pilar engenharia mecanica implantações dentárias strain photoelastics parameters tensão implante dentário materiais bidimentional photoelasticity dental implant

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