Remoção de matéria orgânica carbonácea e nitrogênio em Reator Aeróbio-Anóxico de Leito Fixo (RAALF) aplicado ao pós-tratamento de efluente de reator anaeróbio / Removal of carbonaceous organic matter and nitrogen in an Aerobic-Anoxic Fix Bed Reactor (AAFBR) applied to the tertiary treatment of domestic wastewater


IBICT - Instituto Brasileiro de Informação em Ciência e Tecnologia




This work presents the Aerobic-Anoxic Fix Bed Reactor (AAFBR), with superimposed chambers, as an alternative concerning the post-treatment of anaerobic reactors efiluents aiming the removal of carbonaceous organic matter and nitrogen. Polyurethane foam cubic matrices (5 mm) were used packing material. Hydrodynamic essays were carried out in order to obtain the flow pattern and to verify the influence of air bubbles on the behavior of liquid flow. The hydrogen sulfide and methane (synthetic biogas) were evaluated as electron donors to denitrification. The influence ofboth hydraulic retention time (down-flow velocity) and the concentration of gases from the synthetic mixture were evaluated. The main performance parameters were evaluated by the hand of physico-chemical analysis, besides the observation of the microorganisms involved in the processes. AAFBR was operated under a temperature of 30±2°C. The innovative reactor configuration enabled the occurrence of the processes aimed, such as carbonaceous organic matter removal (efficiencies higher than 90%), or nitrogen via nitrification-denitrification (efficiencies higher than 90%). Denitrification rates (178±43 g-N/\ M POT.3\ .dia) were higher during the condition 2.2, in which high concentrations of hydrogen sulfide (50 g\ M POT.3\ ) were applied into the reactor. Methanol was the only intermediate detected from the partial oxidation of methane. Results obtained from the denitrifying activity and most probable number indicated the coexistence of both autotrophic and heterotrophic denitrification in the anoxic chamber. AAFBR showed additional ability as gas removal system, achieving global removal efficiencies of 100% for \ H IND.2\ S\ and above 60% for \ CH IND.4\ . Overall, the results showed that AAFBR has potential to be used as an alternative for the tertiary treatment of wastewater.


aafbr biogas biogás denitrification desnitrificação nitrificação pós-tratamento post-treament raalf nitrification

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