"Projeto é como branco trabalha; as lideranças que se virem para aprender e nos ensinar": experiências dos povos indígenas do alto rio Negro




This dissertation is the outcome of two years of association with the Graduate Program in Social Anthropology of the University of Brasília, at its Masters course. It is a tentative organization of the main ideas, and pratices lived within and outside academia, conscious of the limits this genre of written finite work impose on a rich experience. I examine the experiences of the upper Negro River indigenous leaders, mainly of the Baniwa people, with ethnodevelopment projects, refered to by them as economic alternatives projects. These initiatives link diverse instituional power fields, and social actors, like indians, anthropologists, missionaries, indigenistas, gorvenment agencies and officials, non-governmental organizations, and multilateral institutions. I show that, though being guided by revised notions of development, like sustainable development, and ethnodevelopment, these projects are far from represeting the desired kind of intervention, from the perspective of the affected indigenous peoples. In spite of this, these projects represent actual possibilities, and opportunities to regain self-esteem, and ethnic visibility in a globalized world. I end up asserting that ethnodevelopment projects are a way of breaking away from the cultural, political, and economic confinement resultant from centuries of devastating cultural domination, alongside representing a process of active and reactive appropriation of the means of power of the globalized world in support of the ethnic rights, desires, and projects of the upper Negro River indigenous peoples


development projects projetos de desenvolvimento alto rio negro etnodesenvolvimento indigenous peoples povos indígenas amazônia índios baniwa baniwa indians upper negro river antropologia brazilian amazon ethnodevelopment

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