Gestão do conhecimento em instituições privadas de ensino superior: bases para a construção de um modelo de compartilhamento de conhecimento entre os membros do corpo docente




Knowledge management has most frequently been studied focusing on the explicit knowledge and technological support, and has been perceived as a logical evolution of traditional information systems. Deriving from this view, it has been implemented mainly by companies which operations demand high technology. This way to perceive knowledge management tends to exclude organizations in which tacit knowledge is the main asset, as it occurs at colleges and universities; these organizations fit the concept of knowledge companies, because their main goals are create, manage and disseminate knowledge, their services are mainly intangibles and their quality is directly linked to quality and knowledge (mainly tacit) kept it as individual intellectual capital, in their teachers mind. Adding to this scenery the fast raising of competition in private colleges and universities in Brazil, its possible to observe the implementation of knowledge management in these teaching institutions as a key-factor to guarantee their survival and competitivity, because of it contribution to increase the quality of teaching services offered. According to this situation, the goal for this dissertation is to establish the main basis for a knowledge management model, specially developed to supply colleges and universities characteristics, and have their focus on sharing knowledge (mainly tacit, but also explicit) among the members of their teaching staff. To reach the proposed goal, two research questions has been explored: which should be the basis to the model and which are the internal conditions for higher education institutions that increase or decrease the probability for a knowledge management model to be successfully implemented. In the search for a conceptual deepening related to research questions, an historical method was used, reviewing concepts and theories about knowledge management in the last fifty years, and the comparative method, with the analysis of different bibliographic sources, followed by selection of the most suitable to this work goal. To reinforce the applicability of knowledge management models to organizations reality, the methodological procedure also included the selection and analysis of real cases, studies and researches with three focuses: knowledge management in business, knowledge management in higher education institutions and the impact of loss of main collaborators in the intellectual institutional capital. The resulting model contains the main basis to implement knowledge management in higher education institutions and supplies particularities for an important part of these institutions, which culture does not stimulate the sharing of knowledge and which are not willing to make significant investments in innovations that cant have their effectiveness proved beforehand


administracao de empresas tacit knowledge gestao do conhecimento knowledge management trabalhador do conhecimento gestão do conhecimento conhecimento tácito instituições privadas de ensino superior universidades e faculdades particulares -- administracao knowledge sharing compartilhamento do conhecimento private higher education institutions knowledge worker

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