Análise numérico-experimental de lajes nervuradas sujeitas a cargas estáticas de serviço


IBICT - Instituto Brasileiro de Informação em Ciência e Tecnologia




Waffle slabs are, nowadays, a demand for structural designers, as a consequence of architectural design evolution and new building management concepts, in spite of its laborious numerical modeling. Therefore, it becomes necessary to know more about their structural behavior and to improve the theoretical models used for simulating these slabs. The objective of this work is to analyze the adequacy of two methods widely used in the modeling of waffle slabs, verifying if they represent the slab behavior satisfactorily. Three real scale waffle slabs, and also a reduced microconcrete model, were submitted to diffent loads and instrumented with strain and deflection gages. The numerical analysis was made using a grid model program developed by a local software company, specialized in concrete structural design, and a finite element model, developed by an american software company, specialized in concrete structural analysis. Numerically computed deflections presented a good estimate of the measured results and experimental strains defined bending moments coincident with the forecast of the theoretical models, in all structures. Results indicated that theoretical linear and nonlinear analysis and the measured values suggested a similar behavior for all structures, confirming that concrete waffle slabs may be numericaly simulated in a satisfactory way by such models.


finite element method structural tests waffle slab lajes nervuradas : análise numérica reinforced concrete matricial grillage analysis

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