Polymers as carriers for rhizobial inoculant formulations

Autor Principal: Fernandes Júnior,Paulo Ivan
Outros Autores: Rohr,Tiago Gusmão, Oliveira,Paulo Jansen de, Xavier,Gustavo Ribeiro, Rumjanek,Norma Gouvêa
Tipo: Artigo
Idioma: Inglês
Publicado em: Pesquisa Agropecuária Brasileira 20090901
Link Texto Completo: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0100-204X2009000900017
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The aim of this work was to evaluate the efficiency of carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) and starch blends as carrier materials of rhizobial inoculants regarding their capacity to maintain viable cells and promote cowpea (Vigna unguiculata) nodulation.

The experimental design adopted was completely randomized, with three replicates.

Forty different compositions of carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) with starch, compatibilized or not with different proportions of MgO or ZnO, were evaluated regarding their ability of maintaining rhizobial viable cells during the storage period of one month at room temperature, in an initial screening.

Thereafter, selected inoculant carrier blends were evaluated regarding their ability to maintain viable rhizobial cells for a period of 165 days, and their performance as inoculant carriers was compared to a peat-based inoculant carrier under greenhouse conditions.

Rhizobial cells were better maintained in blends containing 50-60% CMC.

Compatibilizing agents did not increase survival of rhizobial cells for 30 days of storage.

The cowpea nodulation of polymer blends was statistically the same of peat-based inoculants.

CMC/starch polymer blends are efficient carriers to rhizobial inoculants for up to 165 days of storage, when compatibilized with MgO (1%).