Contextual determinants of induced abortion: a panel analysis

Autor Principal: Llorente-Marrón, MarDíaz-Fernández, MontserratMéndez-Rodríguez, Paz
Idioma: enes
Publicado em: Rev. Saúde PúblicaRevista de Saúde Pública
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ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE Analyze the contextual and individual characteristics that explain the differences in the induced abortion rate, temporally and territorially.

METHODS We conducted an econometric analysis with panel data of the influence of public investment in health and per capita income on induced abortion as well as a measurement of the effect of social and economic factors related to the labor market and reproduction: female employment, immigration, adolescent fertility and marriage rate.

The empirical exercise was conducted with a sample of 22 countries in Europe for the 2001-2009 period.

RESULTS The great territorial variability of induced abortion was the result of contextual and individual socioeconomic factors.

Higher levels of national income and investments in public health reduce its incidence.

The following sociodemographic characteristics were also significant regressors of induced abortion: female employment, civil status, migration, and adolescent fertility.

CONCLUSIONS Induced abortion responds to sociodemographic patterns, in which the characteristics of each country are essential.

The individual and contextual socioeconomic inequalities impact significantly on its incidence.

Further research on the relationship between economic growth, labor market, institutions and social norms is required to better understand its transnational variability and to reduce its incidence.

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