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Años de Vida Perdidos (AVP) atribuibles al consumo de alcohol en la ciudad de México

Autor Principal: Pérez-Pérez, EduardoCruz-López, LeonardoHernández-Llanes, Norberto FranciscoGallegos-Cari, AndreaCamacho-Solís, Rafael EdgardoMendoza-Meléndez, Miguel Ángel
Idioma: enes
Publicado em: Ciênc. saúde coletivaCiência & Saúde Coletiva
Link Texto Completo: http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&lang=pt&pid=S1413-81232016000100037
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Abstract The aim of this study was to estimate the YLL attributable to alcohol consumption in Mexico City from 2006 – 2012.

Vital statistics on mortality attributable to alcohol consumption from the INEGI (Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Geografía) were used to determine YLL as well as the average age of death in relation to different age ranges by sex.

A total estimate of 168,607 YLL was obtained, with an average loss of 18.32 years being observed for men and 17.54 years for women.

Men accounted for a higher proportion of the YLL than women.

According to the ICD-10 (Tenth Revision of International Classification of Diseases), liver disease attributable to alcohol consumption was found to be responsible for more than 80% of the total YLL.

There was a cyclical trend in YLL from 2006 to 2012.

The YLL attributable to alcohol suggest that alcohol consumption is a public health problem that involves losses in productivity and economic costs, and the decline in YLL could be explained by the decrease in income caused by the economic crisis of 2008, just as the increase could be explained by economic improvement in 2012.